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gnuplot demo script: vector.dem

autogenerated by webify.pl on Wed Jul 15 17:34:30 2015
gnuplot version gnuplot 5.0 patchlevel 1
#
# $Id: vector.dem,v 1.13 2014/04/05 06:17:08 markisch Exp $
#
# This file demonstrates
# -1- saving contour lines as a gnuplottable datablock
# -2- plotting a vector field on the same graph
# -3- manipulating columns using the '$1,$2' syntax.
# the example is taken here from Physics is the display of equipotential
# lines and electrostatic field for a dipole (+q,-q)

print "\n This file demonstrates"
print " -1- saving contour lines as a gnuplottable datablock"
print " -2- plotting a vector field on the same graph"
print " -3- manipulating columns using the '$1,$2' syntax."
print " the example is taken here from Physics is the display of equipotential"
print " lines and electrostatic field for a dipole (+q,-q)"
#
      r(x,y)=sqrt(x*x+y*y)
      v1(x,y)=  q1/(r((x-x0),y))
      v2(x,y)=  q2/(r((x+x0),y))
#
      vtot(x,y)=v1(x,y)+v2(x,y)
#
      e1x(x,y)= q1*(x-x0)/r(x-x0,y)**3
      e1y(x,y)= q1*(y)/r(x-x0,y)**3
      e2x(x,y)= q2*(x+x0)/r(x+x0,y)**3
      e2y(x,y)= q2*(y)/r(x+x0,y)**3
      etotx(x,y)=e1x(x,y)+e2x(x,y)
      etoty(x,y)=e1y(x,y)+e2y(x,y)
      enorm(x,y)=sqrt(etotx(x,y)*etotx(x,y)+etoty(x,y)*etoty(x,y))
      dx1(x,y)=coef*etotx(x,y)/enorm(x,y)
      dy1(x,y)=coef*etoty(x,y)/enorm(x,y)
      dx2(x,y)=coef*etotx(x,y)
      dy2(x,y)=coef*etoty(x,y)
#
      coef=.7
      x0=1.
      q1=1
      q2=-1
      xmin=-10.
      xmax=10.
      ymin=-10.
      ymax=10.
#
unset autoscale
set xr [xmin:xmax]
set yr [ymin:ymax]
set isosam 31,31
#set view 0, 0, 1, 1
set view map
unset surface
set contour base
set cntrparam order 4
set cntrparam linear
set cntrparam levels discrete -3,-2 ,-1 ,-0.5 ,-0.2 ,-0.1 ,-0.05 ,-0.02 ,0 ,0.02 ,0.05 ,0.1 ,0.2 ,0.5 ,1 ,2 ,3 
set cntrparam points 5
#
set label "-q" at -1,0 center
set label "+q" at  1,0 center
splot vtot(x,y) w l
print "Now create a in-memory datablock with equipotential lines"

Click here for minimal script to generate this plot




set table $equipo2
replot
unset table

plot $equipo2 w l
print "Now create a x/y datablock for plotting with vectors "
print "and display vectors parallel to the electrostatic field"

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set isosam 31,31

set table $field2xy
splot vtot(x,y) w l
unset table

unset autoscale
set xr [xmin:xmax]
set yr [ymin:ymax]
set isosam 31,31
set key under Left reverse
plot $field2xy u 1:2:(coef*dx1($1,$2)):(coef*dy1($1,$2)) w vec, \
     $equipo2 w l

Click here for minimal script to generate this plot