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Set style line

Each terminal has a default set of line and point types, which can be seen by using the command test. set style line defines a set of line types and widths and point types and sizes so that you can refer to them later by an index instead of repeating all the information at each invocation.


     set style line <index> default
     set style line <index> {{linetype  | lt} <line_type> | <colorspec>}
                            {{linecolor | lc} <colorspec>}
                            {{linewidth | lw} <line_width>}
                            {{pointtype | pt} <point_type>}
                            {{pointsize | ps} <point_size>}
     unset style line
     show style line

If default is given all line style parameters are set to their default values.

If the linestyle 5#5index6#6 already exists, only the given parameters are changed while all others are preserved. If not, all undefined values are set to the default values.

The line and point types are taken from the default types for the terminal currently in use. The line width and point size are multipliers for the default width and size (but note that 5#5point_size6#6 here is unaffected by the multiplier given on set pointsize).

The defaults for the line and point types is the index. The defaults for the width and size are both unity.

Linestyles created by this mechanism do not replace the default linetype styles; both may be used. If you want plots to use the defined styles in preference to the default linetypes, please see set style increment (p. [*]).

Not all terminals support the linewidth and pointsize features; if not supported, the option will be ignored.

Terminal-independent colors may be assigned using either linecolor 5#5colorspec6#6 or linetype 5#5colorspec6#6, abbreviated lc or lt. This requires giving a RGB color triple, a known palette color name, a fractional index into the current palette, or a constant value from the current mapping of the palette onto cbrange. See colors (p. [*]), colorspec (p. [*]), set palette (p. [*]), colornames (p. [*]), cbrange (p. [*]).

set style line 5#5n6#6 linetype 5#5lt6#6 will set both a terminal-dependent dot/dash pattern and color. The commandsset style line 5#5n6#6 linecolor 5#5colorspec6#6 or set style line 5#5n6#6 linetype 5#5colorspec6#6 will set a new line color while leaving the existing dot-dash pattern unchanged.

In 3d mode (splot command), the special keyword palette is allowed as a shorthand for "linetype palette z". The color value corresponds to the z-value (elevation) of the splot, and varies smoothly along a line or surface.

Examples: Suppose that the default lines for indices 1, 2, and 3 are red, green, and blue, respectively, and the default point shapes for the same indices are a square, a cross, and a triangle, respectively. Then

     set style line 1 lt 2 lw 2 pt 3 ps 0.5

defines a new linestyle that is green and twice the default width and a new pointstyle that is a half-sized triangle. The commands

     set style function lines
     plot f(x) lt 3, g(x) ls 1

will create a plot of f(x) using the default blue line and a plot of g(x) using the user-defined wide green line. Similarly the commands

     set style function linespoints
     plot p(x) lt 1 pt 3, q(x) ls 1

will create a plot of p(x) using the default triangles connected by a red line and q(x) using small triangles connected by a green line.

     splot sin(sqrt(x*x+y*y))/sqrt(x*x+y*y) w l pal

creates a surface plot using smooth colors according to palette. Note, that this works only on some terminals. See also set palette (p. [*]), set pm3d (p. [*]).

     set style line 10 linetype 1 linecolor rgb "cyan"

will assign linestyle 10 to be a solid cyan line on any terminal that supports rgb colors.

next up previous contents index
Next: Plotting styles Up: Style Previous: Set style increment   Contents   Index
Ethan Merritt 2007-03-03